In choosing a color, lighter colors tend to disguise lint and dust, show dirt (except stain resistant carpets), and make a room seem larger.
Darker colors tend to show lint and dust, disguise dirt, and make a room seem smaller and cozier.
Neutral tones that mimic such natural elements of wood, stone, marble, or slate are best able to disguise both soil and lint.
Warmer colors such as reds and yellows reflecting the glow of sunshine, while blues and greens have a cooling effect.
Depending on your decor, there is no rule that carpet has to be uniform throughout a dwelling. When selecting a solid carpet to coordinate with patterned upholsteryor drapery fabric you could find a complementary shade of the dominant color instead of an exact match, adding interest.
Lighting sources will change the look of your carpet's color. Natural sunlight from a window will create a different effect than the overhead light of a chandelier, or the indirect light of a lamp. Viewing your sample at different times of the day in the room it will be used will help you decide if you've selected a color that looks nice regardless of the light source.
In selecting a texture, it establishes the character of a room...from the formal look of cut pile velvet saxony to the casual look of berber. The texture of carpet allows you to express your personality and lifestyle. A heavily textured carpet will also help hide footprints.
|This style is sheared and has a very smooth, formal look. Velvets/Plushes do not hide footprints well.||This style is made by tightly twisting the fibers. This is the best wearing cut pile carpet. It has short fibers that tend to curl in different directions at the surface to hide footprints and vacuum marks.|
|Looped carpet with some variation or speckles of color. In general, larger loops will crush faster than smaller loops because of the air that is added to the fiber during production.||Cut pile is created by cutting looped carpet fibers at the top, leaving yarn bundles standing straight. Preshearing cut pile several times creates a luxurious appearance. Cut pile is less resistant to crushing than other types of carpet.|
Cut and Loop
|Berber is a Loop Pile type of carpet. Berbers are increasing in popularity faster than any other type of carpet. Berbers limit footprints and vacuum tracks.||This style is a combination of Cut Pile and Loop Pile. Cut and loop styles tend to have prominent designs and work well in more casual areas.|
Continuous Filament / BCF:
|- Less pilling and fuzzing.
- Produces a stronger and tougher yarn.
- Better coverage of primary back.
- Higher luster
|- Softer, more uniform and more luxurious hand or
- More styling flexibility.
- Produces yarn with a wool look.
- Excellent for cut pile.
|Nylon: Good resilience, outstanding resistance
to abrasion, good texture retention, good clean
ability and clear colors. Most nylons are treated
to be permanently stain and static resistant for
excellent soil resistance, ease of cleaning and
appearance retention. It’s resistance to matting
and wear and available in more colors and style
than any other fiber.
Polyester: Good resistance to abrasion, very good resilience, naturally stain resistant, and more like wool than any other synthetic. Polyester feels soft and styling appearance retention. It’s the most recyclable fiber and it has the highest melting point.
Polypropylene-Olefin: Naturally resistance to static electricity, moisture, mildew, soil and stain. Virtually non-absorbent (hydrophobic), so solution dyeing is the only way to color the fiber. It’s inexpensive, abrasion resistance, and fade resistant and low static.
Wool: It has a luxurious appearance and good performance qualities. The scales keep dust and dirt near the surface of carpet pile. Wool is naturally flame resistant, forming a char that will neither melt nor drip.
Blends: Blends are simply a mix of two or more of the basic fibers. Blends pick up some of the characteristics and advantages of all fibers in the blend.
|Face Weight or Ounces: Face weight is
determined by the ounces of fiber in one square
yard of carpet.
Yarn Ply- twist: Turns per inch, the number of times two or more yarns have been piled or twisted is measured in the length of one inch. The performance of cut pile carpet is influenced most by the twist in the pile yarn.
Pile Height: Pile height is the length of the tuft from the backing surface, or bottom of the carpet face, to the tip of the yarn tuft. It is measured as a fraction of an inch or as a decimal equivalent. Increasing or decreasing the pile height can affect the performance.
Density: The amount of pile packed into a given volume of carpet. Density is a product of the stitch rate, gauge, yarn weight and size.
In order to keep your carpet in the best possible condition, vacuum on a regular basis and have your carpets professionally cleaned when needed.
Rearrange your furniture periodically to change the traffic patterns and distribute wear more evenly. Heavy furniture crushes carpet pile so after moving these you will probably see deep indentations in the carpet. To solve the problem, spray a small amount of water on the affected area and use a pile grooming brush available from your carpet retailer to lift the crushed pile.
Household chemicals, medications and cosmetics can permanently stain or remove color from your carpet. These household chemicals often are the culprits of "mystery stains" because they may not discolor the carpet for several days or weeks. The best prevention is to keep household chemicals away from your carpet.
Vacuuming cannot wear out your carpet, but soil can. Even with entry mats, eventually dirt and grit can become embedded in your carpet's pile. When that happens, your carpet will become discolored and matted. Up to 80% of the soil in carpet is of the dry particulate type that can be removed with a vacuum cleaner.
Daily vacuuming is recommended for high-traffic areas with seven passes of the vacuum cleaner over each section of carpet. For light-traffic areas, the recommendation is weekly vacuuming with three passes over each carpet section.
There are many deep cleaning methods you can use to ensure the beauty and life of carpeting. When having your carpet professional cleaned, use a reputable company and check references. Removal of spots and spills is crucial and needs a quick response. Blot up liquids with white paper towels or absorbent cloth; scoop up solids with the end of a knife or spoon. When needed apply a spot removal agent with a clean towel or cloth, not directly to the spot. Use small quantities at a time. Always work inwards from the edge to prevent spreading. Do not rub, as this may cause the spot to spread or distort the pile. Do not over-wet the carpet pile. Afterwards, blot as dry as possible with clean towel.
Frequent vacuuming with a beater bar type vacuum will prolong the life of the carpet. A good practice is to vacuum often the areas that receive the most traffic. Removing loose soil while it remains on the surface is important so that it is not go into the carpet pile by foot traffic. Vacuuming should be done even when soil is not visible. Vacuum cleaners with brush or beater action more recommended. Try always vacuuming in all directions. For the best cleaning results, the vacuum should be inspected periodically to be sure it is functioning properly.
The carpet should be checked often for spots and spills. Staining is a function of time and temperature and the hotter and/or longer a spill is left on a carpet, the greater the chance it will become permanent. Lifting or blotting the excess can easily remove most common spots. Treating the spot immediately with plain water or spotters containing mild (PH range of 5-9) diluted detergents that do not leave residue.
The cleaning solution should have no optical brighteners, nor silicones. In order to minimize the residues, do not use excess detergent. The residue from the cleaning solution must be dry and brittle-not sticky. Do not over-wet the spot. Work spot cleaner into the spot to prevent wicking-where the spot later rises up through the fibers to the surface. Clean deeply. Use only a white cloth. Blot toward the center of the spot. Do not rub because rubbing will fuzz carpet tips. To remove all detergent, rinse the spot with a slightly acidic solution of water and vinegar.
Each fiber manufacturer has recommended procedures for identifying and removing specific stains. Most manufacturers recommend the hot water or sometimes-called “steam cleaning” method when cleaning carpets. Risks of the unprofessional person doing it is over-wetting can cause shrinkage, rapid re-soiling, mildew, delaminating, not having a powerful enough vacuum system on the cleaning machine, not getting the water hot enough and inappropriate or excessive use of alkaline detergents can cause damage to the colors in a carpet.