Polished:

This surface is very smooth and not very porous. The reflectivity of polished crystals brings out the brilliant colors and grains of natural stone. The shine comes from the natural reflection of the stones crystals. Polishing bricks and polishing powders that are used during fabrication provide the polish.

Honed:

Same as the polished finish, but without the final shine. Range from no reflection to a smooth satin finish. The range depends on the abrasives and the type (density) of the stone. Honed floors should always be protected with Stoneguard Penetrating Sealer because it has wide-open pores.

Tumbled:

The surface and edges appear to be rough and textured that is achieved by tumbling small pieces of marble, limestone, sometimes granite to achieve an archaic/worn appearance, and ideal for rustic settings.

Unfilled:

Travertine naturally has voids: you can select unfilled for a rustic look, unfilled will collect dirt more easily.



Filled:

Filler is used to fill the holes in travertine. It is much more practical for the floor and provides a smoother look.

Antiqued:

Similar to the honed, tumble, or flamed finish; however, it should appear to have a slight sheen. Symbolizing stone that was originally was installed rough and raw. Can be stained with dark tints and waxes for traditional look.

The most popular natural stones, each with a unique feel, touch and look, are:

Granite:

Granite crystallizes from magma that cools slowly, deep below the earth’s surface. Exceptionally slow rates of cooling give rise to a very coarse-grained variety called pegmatite. Granite used to identify a group of minerals that often contains Quartz, Feldspar, Plagioclase, etc and is igneous (or seem to be) in origin. Usually have darker colors. Contains very little calcite, if any. Provides a heavy crystalline and granular appearance with mineral grains. It is very hard material and easier to maintain than marble. It is still porous and will stain. There are different types of granite depending on the percentage mix of quartz, mica and feldspar.

Limestone:

Mainly consists of calcite. It does not show much graining or crystalline structure. Limestone contains a number of distinguishable natural characteristics, including calcite streaks or spots, fossils or shell formations, iron spots, travertine-like formations and grain formation changes. One or a combination of these characteristics will affect the texture. Limestone has a smooth granular surface. Varies in hardness. Some dense limestone can be polished. Common colors are black, grey, white, yellow or brown. Limestone is known to contain lime from seawater.

Marble:

A recrystallized limestone that formed when the limestone softened from heat and pressure and recrystallized into Marble where mineral changes occurred. The main consistency is calcium and dolomite. Ranges in many colors and is usually heavily veined and shows lots of grains.


Slate:

The shale from which slate originate were deposited previously on clay beds. Subsequent earth movements tilted these beds of shale, at first horizontal, and the intense metamorphism that converted these into slates folded and contracted them. Slate a fine-grained stone that formed from clay, rock shale, and sometimes quartz. They are very thin which can break easily and usually black, grey, or green.

Proper maintenance is crucial. Natural stone products are porous by nature and require a different maintenance program than ceramic tile.

A stone enhancer is used on tumbled, antique, or on slate where a darker, enriched character is desired (wet look). IT will also darken the color of grout joints, suitable for interior and exterior use and rated to protect the stone a minimum of 3 years.